Black and White Digital Photography Basics

Most amateur photographers choose to use colour and light to enhance the composition of their photographs but many don’t realise what effects can be created using black and white. Here are some tips on black and white digital photography basics.

First of all the amateur photographer needs to remember that black and white isn’t just as simple as plain black or plain white. Don’t forget all the shades of grey in between and the possible contrasts.

Lighting is just as important in black and white digital photography basics as it is in colour because of the contrasts and textures it can create.

Photographing landscapes: On a bright sunny day with a cloudless sky, it’s probably best to stick to colour but if there are some clouds, creating shadows on the ground, this can provide fantastic contrasts. A really stormy lowering sky with billowing clouds look great in monochrome, as do really craggy, rocky landscapes. A grassy meadow full of wild flowers won’t create the right effect at all.

The point of monochrome landscape photography is to produce drama using contrast between bright light and dark shadows. Don’t concentrate on aspects of your photo that would normally require colour to show them to their best effect.

Photographing portraits: Another of the black and white digital photography basics is portraiture. Most people have seen professional wedding photographers at work and their resulting monochrome portraits. The lack of colour means that the subject is the total focus of the photo and the muted tones lend an air of timelessness and romanticism.

The absence of colour also lends an artistic tone and modern digital cameras often have different tonal modes such as greyscale and sepia as well as plain black and white.

Here are some more technical and artistic black and white digital photography basics:

1. Get a camera which will shoot in RAW (this is not an abbreviation, it literally means unprocessed) and will enable you to do the processing on your computer and will give you much more flexibility.

2. Use the lowest possible ISO to reduce the grainy appearance. You can add it back later, if you wish but you can’t take it out.

3. Take photos outside on a cloudy day.

4. As you can’t focus on colour, seek out textures and tones to give interest to your photos.

5. Use movement in your photos to give impact and drama.

6. Invest in a good software program such as Adobe Photoshop for your post production manipulation.

If you follow these black and white digital photography basics, you’ll soon be turnout out professional quality photographs.

Manual Photography Basics – Discover Your Camera’s Inner Secrets

When you are ready for more advanced photography, changing from the automatic settings on your camera to using manual photography basics can help you to achieve a larger degree of control over your photographs. There are several manual photography basics you can utilize to achieve more control.

Manual Photography Basics: Measure Light

Measuring light can be one of the first manual options you may wish to experiment with. Light with a strong degree of intensity can provide a faster image imprint than weaker intensity light. As a result, it is important to use a light meter so you will know how long the light should be exposed in order to capture the photo.

Basically, there are two different kinds of light meters.

They are incident and reflective light meters. An incident light meter detects the amount of light that is reflected upon the meter. A reflective light meter detects the amount of light that is reflected off the subject. All electronic cameras today have built-in light meters; however, you can also use a hand held meter as well in order to achieve a higher degree of control and precision when using manual settings.

Manual Photography Basics: Using a Gray Card to Measure Light

In order for a light meter to assume the percentage of light that is reflected from the subject, it must be calibrated. For effective results you must be able to understand the measurement angle, how to isolate the subject you are measuring and the area where the reading is being taken. As one can imagine, this requires a lot of mental calculations. A gray card can help to reduce much of those calculations.

In order to use a gray card correctly to measure light, you will need to angle it toward the source of the light. Ideally, it should be angled both vertically and horizontally.

Manual Photography Basics: Exposure Controls: Aperture, Shutter Speed and ISO

The ISO number is a rating of the cameras sensor (or films) sensitivity to light. You will commonly hear the term ‘stop’ referred to in photography. One ISO stop increase would refer to the sensitivity being doubled. Higher ISO settings can be used with advantages for low light situations; however, you will find they tend to produce more grain (film camera) or noise (digital camera) so you should be aware of this before using high ISO settings.

The shutter speed allows you control over the amount of time during which the shutter is open to allow light to pass through and reach the sensor or film.

Stops are also used in order to measure the speed of the shutter as well. A one stop increase in shutterspeed cuts the amount of time in half that the shutter remains open. This will consequently cut the amount of light that reaches the cameras sensor or film in half.

Aperture refers to the size of the opening of the lens. This setting will control the amount of light that passes through to the camera’s sensor. It can also determine the DOF. Like many other settings, aperture is also measured in terms of stops. In aperture settings, it is measured in terms of f-stops. Each stop increase will double the amount of light that is allowed to pass through.

Manual Photography Basics: Focus

There are several different situations in which you may wish to change to the manual focus on your camera rather than use the automatic focus setting. Using the manual focus tends to provide you with more control over the focusing. Portraits are one situation in which manual focus is ideal. Using manual focus helps to ensure the eyes of the subject are in perfect focus.

Using manual focus when shooting through mesh or glass can also be advantageous. This is because the mesh or glass tends to confuse the camera regarding where to focus when the automatic focus is employed. With manual focusing you can avoid this problem.

Automatic focus is great in fast moving action photography but the cameras auto-focus is sometimes not fast enough. In this case you can preset the focus on the right distance manually and wait for the right opportunity.

The auto-focus on many cameras don’t work well in low light conditions so you may need to set your camera to manual focus.

Digital Photography Basics

Digital cameras have made photography less expensive. That is, perhaps, the reason for young people to take interest in photography these days. With a digital camera in hand, you can easily take pictures and print it on standard papers. Storing and photo editing have become a lot easier.

Hence, even when you are new in this field, you can master the basics of digital photography very easily. There are plenty of tutorials available online that help you to learn photography basics. Once you get a hold of the foundation, you can hone your skills gradually.

Unlike traditional method, digital photography is all about digits and pixels. These factors directly control the quality of digital images. The quality or resolution of the image depends on these parameters. Higher is the pixel count, better is the clarity. Images with higher pixel counts do not crack when enlarged in comparison with those with lower resolution.

As a photographer, you should know the basics of photography – otherwise it will be difficult for you to take great pictures. Photography basics discussed here would help you learn the fundamental issues. Once you digest the basics, you need to take theory and practical lessons designed for both novice and experienced photographers.

Mastering the Controls of Your Camera:

Play with your camera – make it your favorite pass time for few days and you will master the controls very fast. Try different picture modes, see if you can focus properly, navigate through the menu section and digest the interface.

Instead of depending on the instruction manual, test the camera of your own. Take some test snaps – if you are unable to focus properly, get started with the Auto Mode of your camera.

Learn to make good use of Light:

Photographers are not magicians – they do not create the right environment to take an outstanding picture. But, they use the light in such a way that the picture becomes a great one. You must know how to use natural light and flash so that the right lighting effect is captured.

Expert photographers often take pictures in the early morning or in the twilight hours. This way they avoid the glare and use the natural light in their favor. Shooting the sun directly in front of the camera lens is not at all desired. The glare might be harsh to both the image and the lens.

Use of Flash:

Novice photographers are often very keen to use this feature. Flash is definitely a good way to create lighting effects artificially, but the result is not always as satisfactory as predicted. Improper use of flash damages the image and results in uneven shadows.

Hence, while using Flash, make sure the entire area is lighted up equally. There is no theoretical rule for this – experience and practice will help you learn the lessons. So don’t be afraid of failure – keep on trying if you want to learn.

Digital photography tutorials help you learn the basics of photography. The equipments and techniques are not difficult to learn – once you gain expertise in all, you can shoot great pictures easily.

Digital Photography Basics – Getting Started

In the past, practicing photography was a costly, and often time-consuming affair. The cameras weren’t cheap, there were additional expenses such as film, you had to get your film developed, and you couldn’t see what your photos looked like straight away. The list went on and on. Then digital photography came along. At first digital cameras weren’t really in the same league as film-based cameras were as far as quality goes. Back then, purchasing a digital camera that was anywhere near the level of quality of a film-based camera would set you back an obscene amount.

Today however, the price of digital cameras has plummeted, thanks to several technological advances. That combined with its already more efficient and user friendly design has resulted in a boom in the number of people showing interest in the field. This article will look at some of the Digital Photography Basics to help you get started:

Lighting

Probably the most important principle to get your head around when learning Digital Photography Basics, is the concept of lighting. Put simply, photography wouldn’t exist without light. In fact, the word photography comes from the Greek word for light, photos.

In short, lighting can either make or break a photo, so it is important that you learn to control it. There are number of things you can do to control the light in your photos. Things like natural lighting, using a flash, adjusting your shutter speed, aperture and ISO sensitivity can all be used to affect the exposure of your shots.

White Balance

Not only does the amount of available light change, but also the type of light. For instance, there is a distinct difference between natural sunlight, and the light from a tungsten globe. As such, your digital camera should have a white balance setting, which basically balances the colors of your camera to compensate for the type of light that you will be shooting in. Generally people will leave this setting on automatic so that the camera can decide, but if you do know what your main light source is going to be, you can often get better results by setting it manually.

ISO Sensitivity

The ISO of a digital camera is pretty much how sensitive the chip which records the image is to light. The higher ISO, the brighter the image will be. It is quite handy in low light situations, as you can still produce a properly exposed image. However, there is a draw back with increasing the ISO. By increasing the ISO, the camera is effectively magnifying the signal that results when a light photon hits the chip. When this happens, the electrical noise that the tiny circuitry within the camera produces is also magnified, resulting in a number of pixels that vary in color from their surroundings.

Optical Zoom Vs Digital Zoom

Many digital cameras today will give you a choice between using optical and digital zoom. Optical zoom works in much the same way as a zoom lens on the conventional film cameras. The focal length of the lens changes, and in turn the magnification is increased or decreased depending on whether you’re zooming in our out. Digital zoom on the other hand crops the given image to a certain size and then enlarges the cropped image to fill the entire space. As such, this type of zooming results in a loss of image quality. You generally want to steer clear of it and only use it as a last resort. You can generally do a much better job using most image editing software on the computer.

Keep Shooting

As simple as it may sound, one of the most important rules of Digital Photography Basics is to never stop practicing. As with almost anything else in this world, if you want to get better at something, you need to do it over and over again. Digital photography is no exception. Read your camera’s manual, keep learning new things on the Internet and in books, and most important, keep playing with your camera.

Before you know it, you’ll be surprising yourself and those around you with just how good your photos are. You never know, you could end up making a career out of it.

Allan Poole is a digital photography enthusiast, and has had a number of years experience in the industry as a Wedding Photographer. He is passionate about his friends and family, and hopes to one day make a portfolio of photos as he travels around the world. If you would like to learn more about photography, be sure to check out his website:

Why Learn Digital Photography Basics?

Learning digital photography basics is a must if you have your own camera with you. The reason is quite simple. You cannot expect to learn the complex matters involving digital photography if you do not start with the roots, right? Besides, as an owner of such gadget, it would always be better to know and familiarize the different options as well as alternatives it can offer. There is no need to worry though as photography basics will not take so much of your time. As long as you know how to be patient and attentive, you can always get the lessons which may be taught to you.

First of all, photography roots must start with how to choose your camera, especially for those who are still planning yet. An SLR camera most of all allows an enthusiast to attain a variety of focal lengths and are great for taking pictures. But bear in mind that you also have to consider the price tags of these gadgets. Thus, a wise decision making plus certain criteria must be done to buy the right camera and then start with the photography basics. The following are the features you can use a criteria in choosing a camera.

Decide if you want to take pictures or videos as well. Before, camcorders are often used for this purpose. However, today, there are digital cameras that offer the same. You must have made up your mind on this matter already before you go to a camera store.

Always limit or keep in mind the budget that you have allotted for it. Necessarily, you wouldn’t want to be obsessed with a camera which is beyond your capacity right?

You can actually buy the body of the camera in separation with the lenses. This can save you money.

Then comes the question as to why you need to learn digital photography roots. Basically, as the owner of the camera, you must know how to handle it. In one point, you need how to handle it in such a way that it will not be damaged or get broken. Keeping it clean and safe may sound a cliché but these are common digital photography basics which are taken for granted.

Learning digital photography roots will allow you to satisfy your passion too. If you really love taking pictures, then you will know that you still have more to explore in your digital camera. This can be a great source for your passion to grow into an investment or even a career. Obviously, once you have started with digital photography basics you can then advance to higher learning.

Digital photography basics will teach you many things. It will begin with how to operate your digital camera. This gives you the idea that once you have familiarized all the buttons and features of the gadget, you can use it with eyes closed. Then, digital photography basics will also teach you how to position your camera, how to adjust the lenses, which landscapes to be chosen as subjects and how light as well as darkness can be utilized.

How can you learn digital photography basics? A primary option would be to enroll in a formal lesson in digital schools. A second option would be to learn online and last resort can be one through self-help and a few reading materials concerning digital photography basics.